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 台灣法律網 > 法律知識庫 > 政治國際 > 政治學專欄

Taiwan Politics: Yu must deliver to receive 2008 nod.

文 / 陳朝建教授
【台灣法律網】


Taiwan Politics: Yu must deliver to receive 2008 nod.

  Taipei Times的編輯業將筆者幾天前在中國時報所撰「黨魁選後的四大難題」的專論翻譯為Chen Chao-Chien,《Yu must deliver to receive 2008 nod》, Taipei Times/Friday, Jan 20, 2006,Page 8(主題是筆者2006/01/16在中國時報A15版時論廣場學者專論「黨魁選後的四大難題」的英文版說明,即游錫堃當選民進黨魁後,即將面對的黨內改革、府院黨協調互動、朝野溝通平台與選舉權力佈局之分析,亦屬政黨政治與派系政治的範疇)。有興趣的人可以看看......


Yu must deliver to receive 2008 nod.(Translated by Daniel Cheng)

By Chen Chao-chien 陳朝建

Taipei Times/Friday, Jan 20, 2006,Page 8

On Sunday, former Presidential Office secretary-general Yu Shyi-kun won a convincing victory in the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) chairmanship election. Yu was able to emerge as the winner because most factions within the DPP were either supportive of his bid or showed no preference for a particular candidate.

Although one of his rivals, DPP Legislator Chai Trong-rong (蔡同榮), was supported by a number of factions that backed Premier Frank Hsieh (謝長廷), acting DPP chairperson and Vice President Annette Lu (呂秀蓮), as well as other non-mainstream factions, he still could not compete with Yu.

And although the third candidate, former Changhua County commissioner Wong Chin-chu (翁金珠), said she would withdraw from the DPP's New Tide faction after throwing her hat into the ring with the endorsement of former DPP chairman Lin Yi-hsiung (林義雄), she still failed to garner enough support to challenge Yu.

From the perspective of factional struggles within the DPP, Yu's election to the chairmanship has secured the dominant position of President Chen Shui-bian (陳水扁) and the Justice Alliance faction for the time being. Nevertheless, we should not underestimate the power of the New Tide faction, which had an important influence on the result just by refraining from throwing itself behind any specific candidate.

The election results can also be interpreted as indicating that former DPP chairman Su Tseng-chang's (蘇貞昌) star is rising; the New Tide faction seems ready to support Yu and his presidential patron in blocking Hsieh and Lu from the presidential nomination in 2008.

How Chen and Yu respond to the New Tide faction and Su's supporters in the near future will depend on to what degree they share political interests. Yu's election to the chairmanship depended in large measure on the fact that the New Tide faction and Su's supporters cooperated to back him. Now that Hsieh and Lu are becoming marginalized, the front runners for the nomination for the party's 2008 presidential candidate are likely to be Su and Yu.

First, chairman-elect Yu faces major tasks including reforming the party, coordinating between the Executive Yuan, the Legislative Yuan and the party, establishing a platform for communication between the governing and opposition parties, and preparing for future elections.

Yu must root out corruption from the party, as DPP supporters have long desired. Yu's announcement that he wishes to eradicate factions from within the DPP seems to be aimed at the New Tide faction and is certain to trigger more factional disputes.

A more feasible policy would be to focus on rooting out corruption, concentrating on the "three Sunshine Laws and temporarily relaxing his measures against factions. Only in this way can he benefit from the support that the New Tide is likely to give to both him and Chen. Otherwise, obstruction by the factions could become a time bomb for the party.

Second, as Yu is regarded as Chen's proxy, he should have no difficulty communicating with the Presidential Office. Now that Hsieh has stepped down, his successor must determine how to communicate with the new DPP chairman. It is also likely that both the party chairman and the new premier will become presidential candidates in 2008.

That said, Yu's ideal of "collective decision-making" between the government and party is unlikely to be realized. Indeed, going in that direction risks things degenerating into a situation where factions control the party and government, or even a lack of accord between party and government, with each marching to the beat of a different drum.

Third, if Yu is determined to confront the pro-China blue camp as he pledged to during his campaign, then there is no hope for reconciliation between the pan-greens and pan-blues. But if Yu attempts to establish a platform for dialogue between the governing and opposition parties, then he will have the opportunity to win back the DPP's former supporters and break the deadlock between the pan-greens and pan-blues in the legislature.

Judging from Yu's personality, he might choose the latter course, for this is one of the best approaches to winning over former DPP supporters.

Finally, Yu has called for the DPP's grassroots supporters to actively participate in borough and village elections, and he should make this his first target. But even more important for Yu will be the Taipei and Kaohsiung mayoral elections, which will be followed by the 2008 legislative and presidential elections.

If the DPP continues to follow the principle that "whoever fails to win an election must step down to take responsibility," and if the party is unable to win the year-end polls, then Yu may face a situation where he must resign and is unable to represent the DPP as a candidate for the presidency in 2008.

In short, Yu's victory indicates that Chen and Su will rely on each other for the time being. However, whether Yu stays on as chairman or seeks higher office depends not on Chen's support but rather whether he is able to solve all the challenges he now faces.

Chen Chao-chien is an assistant professor at the department of public affairs at Ming Chuan University.

寄給朋友     友善列印

 

作者簡介
陳朝建(陳誠老師)
Macoto Chen, Ph.D. in Political Science, NTU
現職:銘傳大學公共事務學系暨研究所專任助理教授
專長:憲法、地方制度法與法律政策分析
專著:陳朝建,地方制度法精義—逐條釋義與實務見解,2002。
2002年國家考試高考二級一般民政科榜首及格
1997年公費留學考試碩士後赴歐德國地方自治法學組榜首
1994年國立中興法商學院法律學研究所公法組備取
部落格化的台灣政治法律學院 http://blog.sina.com.tw/weblog.php?blog_id=423
陳誠法政專業教學網 http://mypaper.pchome.com.tw/news.php/macotochen/

 

 

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